Embrace Irrigation Technology To Curb Down The ADVERSE&nBSP; Effect Of Climate Change On Agriculture

Ishaa Otto Amiza


In an attempt to reclaim my lost parliamentary seat for Oyam County South, I offered myself in the last concluded general elections held in  February 2021. During campaigns my main subject was the enhancement of agriculture through the use and adoption of  irrigation technology to promote farming throughout the year in the face of the  unstable rainy (weather) conditions arising from climate change.

I told the voters ,that, once re- elected  my main focus was to implore government to invest heavily  on water for production using  irrigation technology inorder to  increase an annual  agricultural productivity. In the same vain,having studied the weather phenomenon for some few years, my view then was that , government needed to fast track and deliberately  promote and build the capacity of the community to adopt the use, operations and management of  irrigation facilities.

Nonetheless, traversing through Oyam District and the entire northern region , my impression was that, there available river  tributaries( Tochi,Okole,etc,) and swamps that could be used to establish small scale  irrigation schemes/ dams . On a rather good note NRM government had for sometime around 2016 invested multi billion shillings to revamp the old existing irrigation schemes,that,show Doho, Okile, Kibimba, Olweny rice schemes revamped .

Under the same arrangement it was worth noting that  the construction of new irrigation schemes like Tochi Irrigation Scheme in Oyam also commenced , besides   some ignorant politicians at the time, including the current  MP of  Oyam County South  mobilized the community to reject the project in the guise that  government was using the project to grab people’s land. Whereas I am a known critic of the NRM governance policies, this time knowing the importance attached to irrigation, went ahead to promote the need to establish  irrigation technology in Oyam and the entire Country.I was further, encouraged  by the emphasis of  President Museveni to promote small scale irrigation technology  using simple “drip bottle ”  irrigation technology,which to me was a good idea but not well nurtured to suit the dire need for irrigation technology .On this note, president Museveni had  demonstrated  the most desired political will and demonstrated the  commitment to promote irrigation technology in the Country. This was a noble idea.

Nonetheless, as a practicing water engineer, who had taken personal initiative to promote irrigation technology by conducting research on the use, operations and management of existing and new irrigation schemes in northern Uganda, it was something to be interested about.

 My  wide research on the use, operations  and management of irrigation technology was later shared with the Ministry of Water and Environment , department of water for production . My suggestion was for MoW & E  to engage a private agency to enhance the capacity building of community to adopt the use, operations and management of irrigation technology.

This research prompted the Ministry of Water and Environment to sign a Memorundum Of Understanding (MOU)  with Water for Life- Uganda (my company) to conduct “capacity building of on the use, operations and management of irrigation technology to the community beneficiary of northern Uganda.

Whereas upon signing the MOU , the project never took off, due to political sabotage and conflict of  interests among some officials of the Ministry of Water and Environment at the time, it remained a serious subject  to implore government to ensure the enhancement of the capacity of the wider community to adopt irrigation technology.Meanwhile after, loosing elections in February 2021, I continued to evaluate the use and adoption  of irrigation technology to avert the adverse effect of  climate change which has caused unstable weather pattern affecting agricultural farming . 

It’s known that, unlike in the past, the two major rainy seasons are not longer reliable. This year alone the first rain that used to be around March and April was never available, and the dry spell has continued to flourish untill the second season that falls between June to  August. 

Taking a look of  Lango region , there is a likelihood of a terrible famine and looming poverty  resulting from no rains leaving the farmers with nothing to eat and sell for household incomes. Interestingly besides all these happenings in the face of political leaders , there is little debate about the need to adopt the use of irrigation technology as an alternative to promote agricultural productivity. The simple initiatives that were introduced by President Museveni  also went in abayance leaving the  farmers with no option but to continue waiting  for rains from God. 

This year’s weather situation should have informed our leaders and common people to realistically admit that,the effect of climate change will continue to affect rainfall and hence agriculture and therefore a known remedy needs to be adopted by both government and the common population .

 My emphasy to government since 2015, has been to promote irrigation technology among communities using simple technology and to build the capacity of communities to adopt the use, operations and management of existing  irrigation facilities.

Without government focusing on irrigation technology agricultural productivity will go down and farmers will become vulnerable to famine and poverty. I hope the NRM government and particularly, President Museveni and Members of Parliament embarks of the use and adoption of irrigation technology as an alternative means for faming.I beg to ask government.The author is former MP for Oyam County South/ UPC Secretary General and Executive Director of Water for Life-Uganda.

Tags : Climate Changeirrigation technologyOyam County South


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